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Everything You Need to Know to Install Fiber Optic Internet

How to Install Fiber Optic Internet

There are three major types of internet connections available in the modern-age, DSL, Cable, and Fiber Optic. Out of these three types, the fiber optic internet connection is considered best when it comes to speed and reliability. However, it is not readily available in many areas yet due to several reasons. A lot of infrastructural changes are needed to make this internet widely accessible for people at cheaper rates.

Meanwhile, a vast majority of people rely on cable internet because it is second-best in speeds and reliability. Not all cable internet service providers are capable of providing excellent internet speeds. In fact, there are only a handful of ISPs in the US (like Spectrum WiFi) that are known for

Understanding Fiber Optic Internet

A fiber optic network is built of specialized fiber optic cables. These cables are composed of thin glass or plastic fibers. Fiber optic cables are special because they transfer information at the speed of light across long distances without losing speed or data. These cables are also immune to electromagnetic interference as opposed to other network cables that have copper wires.

The Speed

The information inside a fiber optic cable travels in the form of pulses at the speed of light. The inside of a fiberoptic cable functions as a mirror and bounces the light off of the cable’s walls and sends it down the tube. That is how the information literally moves at the speed of light and has the capacity to send large quantities of data in a mere span of minutes across long distances.  

There are various kinds of fiber optic cables.

Some cables are superior in durability while others are better for long distances. However, all types of fiber optic cables transfer data with speed, agility, and reliability.


Unfortunately, most fiber networks aren’t widespread yet. That is why very few homes are lucky enough to get fiber-optic internet connections. The term called ‘last mile’ is typically defined as the distance between the main internet fiber lines and the homes of internet users.

This distance actually varies and is usually covered by using wireless transmissions, coaxial cords (cables), or telephone lines. This is where fiber internet varies from other connections. Customers of fiber internet get access to fiber optic cable lines all the way to their homes providing them the fastest and most reliable speeds.

Advantages of Fiber Optic Network

There are several advantages in opting for this network. It is a cutting-edge technology that provides tangible advantages over other network types. Let’s take a closer look at what benefits does this tech entail.

1. Higher Download Speeds

Fiber internet is fast because its cables are usually buried underground, away from all sorts of interference. The majority of fiber optic internet plans offer speeds of 1 Gbps that is equivalent to 1,000 Mbps. This speed is beyond the limit of most cable internet service providers. For instance, Spectrum internet plans offer a maximum speed of 940 Mbps. Even though this speed may seem close enough, it is no match to the fiber optic connection when it comes to efficiency.

2. Stable Upload Speeds

Even though the download speeds of cable networks come close to fiber network speeds, the difference in upload speeds shows a huge margin. The download and upload speeds offered by the fiber optic internet networks are always stable and symmetrical. Meaning, if you have 1Gbps of download speed, the upload speed will also be the same number and amount.

Typically, commonly performed online activities use very low upload speeds. For instance, web-surfing, reading news, and watching your favorite shows (as I do with my spectrum mobile TV app) uses little to no upload speed. In contrast, playing online video games or video calling and live streaming, etc. requires high and steady upload speeds. Nothing beats the upload speeds of fiber networks when it comes to providing reliable and high upload speeds.

3. Reliability All The Way

Fiber networks don’t just deliver high speeds, they are also a lot more stable and reliable than all other network types. Most networks are susceptible to interference from objects and electromagnetic waves. However, fiber optic internet is immune to such interferences because of two key aspects. Firstly, its cables don’t have copper wires and secondly, its cables are buried underground. That is why the data travels way faster in these cables without any data loss.

4. Expandability

Unlike their counterparts, fiber network cables use light instead of electricity to transmit data. Therefore, it uses higher frequencies and can carry larger amounts of data over long distances by losing less energy. Some fiber optic cables are installed with ‘dark fiber’. The dark fiber is simply some additional fibers in a cable that initially lay dormant. Once the internet traffic in a particular area grows, dark fibers can be brought into use without digging up the pre-installed cables to lay bigger ones. That makes fiber optic networks much more attractive when it comes to expandability.

Why Is It Not Widely Available?

Even though fiber optic internet is a lot better than other available internet types, there are many obstacles to overcome to make it accessible for all people. Here are a few reasons why the fiber optic network isn’t readily available to everyone.

1. Higher Costs of Installation

This technology was first introduced in the late 1900s and its installation is still extremely expensive even now. A lot of the cost has to do with digging up the trenches to bury fiber optic cables underground. The digging itself isn’t really a problem when you need to lay a major internet line to connect a whole city with potentially millions of customers.  However, it really becomes an issue when you need to dig into a tiny neighborhood to provide a connection to a single household. This is the sole reason behind the ‘last mile’ is built with cheaper technology that is less reliable such as a cable or DSL network.

2. Alternatives

Even though fiber optic technology is the best solution for long-term change, many competitors offer decent internet services to meet the immediate user needs. Though these short-term solutions work and make sense, they can cause serious issues in the long run if they continue to ignore the urgency of investment in this technology.

3. Long-term Hurdles

Everything considered fiber technology is a long-term investment that is not going to get accomplished overnight. Most internet service providers need to invest in this technology because fiber tech is revolutionizing the future of the internet. However, it becomes difficult due to the competition among various ISPs.

How to Install It?

Fiber optic internet mostly requires laying down new fiber cables with specialized equipment. Many fiber optic network providers do not offer self-installation services due to the complex nature of its set up. all subscribers usually need a technician to install and set up the whole thing making it an expensive option. That is why many people opt for cable internet services as they are cheaper and easier to install. Most cable ISPs offer self-installation kits that making it a much more attractive offer.

In case your fiber-optic network provider offers a self-installation kit, you can simply call their customer support number to order the kit with a set of instructions. Once your kit arrives, check to make sure it has everything you need and follow the steps given below to self-install fiber internet:

  1. Find the fiber network terminal.
  2. Then, connect that terminal with the network box.
  3. Once secured, plug in the network box to turn it on.
  4. After it turns on, connect your device.
  5. Lastly, set up your Wi-Fi network and make sure to give it a unique name and a better password.

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